What is the "beginning (year) of the 70 weeks" of Daniel 9:24-27?
Daniel 9:24-27, speaks of 70 weeks" "the Messiah, the Prince" shall be cut off. What is the "beginning (year) for this prophecy? A triumphal entry is in view here. To be clear, what event does the prophecy give for the beginning of the 70 weeks?
Most Futurist-Dispensationalists, while recognizing that the cutting off of the "Messiah" comes "after" the termination of the sixty-two weeks (69 weeks from the beginning of the 70 Weeks), usually put within the same literal week the
appearance of the "the Messiah, the Prince" (Dan 9:25), who is the same as "the Messiah" who is cut off (Dan 9:26). [See source].
The Jubilee occurred at the beginning of the exile (604-603 B.C.), the return from the exile/beginning of the 70 weeks of years prophecy (457-456 B.C.) and the end of that same prophecy in (33-34 A.D.).
What do the preterists [time in the past] and futurists [yet to come] teach about the 70-week prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27?
- Preterists— They want to date Bible prophecies to some time prior to the rise of the papacy. They say the 70 weeks extends from the Neo-Babylonian period (the time of Nebuchadnezzar) to the Seleucid king, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in the first half of the second century B.C.
Historists—Both historists and futurists date this time span from the Persian period, down to the time of Rome in the first century A.D.
- The dates are 457 B.C. for the beginning of the 70 weeks.
- A.D. 27 for the beginning of the seventieth week.
- A.D. 34 for the end of the seventieth week.
The futurist gap—Futurists follow one or another of several starting dates, and carry the 70 weeks down to the time of Christ. But then they jump an immense gap—and place the last week of the seventy at some future time when an antichrist is supposed to arise. In this way, they try to eliminate the papacy and 1844 from prophecy.
Do you agree? If not, why not? CM
These men hold to Futurist-Dispensationalists view:
- Walvoord. John F. "Is the Seventieth Week of Daniel Future?" Bibliotheca Sacra 101 (1944): 179.
- Culver, Robert Duncan. Daniel and the Latter Days. Chicago, IL: Moody Press. 1954. pp 153-55
- Ironside. H. A. Lectures on Daniel the Prophet. New York: Loizeaux Bros., n.d. pg. 20. 21.
- McClain, Alva J. Daniel's Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks. Grand Rapids. MI: Zondervan. 1940. pg. 24.
- Wilson. M. M. Prophetical Suggestions: Being an Expository of the Books of Revelation and Daniel. London: Digby. Long & Co.. 1909. pg 409
- Hoehner, H. W. Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ. Grand Rapids. MI: Zondervan. 1977. pp 135-138.